Branford House Antiques
A Historic 1850s Farmhouse on a Scenic Vermont Dairy Farm

Hammond No 2 Typewriter with Ideal Keyboard

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This1890s Hammond No 2 typewriter is in good operating order and while it is in "as found" condition, it could use a good cleaning but is still in very good shape. We could not locate a serial number. All the keys are present and working and none are broken or chipped as is often the case with the Hammond ideal keyboard models 2 and 12. Some keys do show wear with portions of their letters worn off. We did fully restore the beautiful tiger oak case and we estimate the condition rating on this machine to be a 2,2. This machine has two type shuttles installed and also comes with an extra script type shuttle still in its original box.

This item has free shipping anywhere within the USA and an additional charge of $75 is ship via US Priority International Mail anywhere outside of the USA.

Paul Lippman (author of American Typewriters) called the Hammond Typewriter "…one of the finest in typewriter history". It was designed by James Bartlett Hammond, a Civil War Telegrapher, and E.J. Manning and following about ten years of design effort achieved their first patents in 1880. It is somewhat arguable when the Model One (the first model) actually entered the market. Many feel it was in 1881 but there is some evidence it didn't show up in the market place until 1885 with the second model entering the market in 1893. The Model One has ebony keys encased in mahogany while the model two has plastic (thermo set plastic often called Bakelite) keys which were open and not encased and the wood base on the Model Two is oak instead of the more expensive mahogany wood. So, like the case with most evolutionary technologies, the second model was less expensive to manufacture and easier to service.

The Hammond is a swinging sector machine with the paper fed from a storage carriage under the platen and the hammer striking the paper from the rear. This methodology generally is considered to produce the most consistent and uniform key stroke and therefore the most uniform print impression. It used interchangeable type shuttles made out of vulcanite or hard rubber with literally hundreds of type font and language combination offerings. The Model One had a split shuttle and later models had one shuttle while still later models could hold two different shuttles at one time.

The first model was only available in an ideal keyboard (curved keyboard) and the early Model Twos likewise were only available in the ideal keyboard style while later on they were also offered in the straight keyboard. Eventually, the model twos and twelve's were offered in either keyboard or then only the straight version.

While the Hammond has often been said to be reminiscent of a church organ it has no known connection to the famous Hammond organ.


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